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Does the mode of opportunity identification influence the innovativeness of Small Businesses?a Study in Sri Lanka

Authors:

W.A. Upananda ,

Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, LK
About W.A.
Department of Banking and Finance, Faculty of Business Studies and Finance
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U.E.S. Kumara

Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, LK
About U.E.S.
Department of Accountancy, Faculty of Business Studies and Finance,
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Abstract

There is a growing concern about the heterogeneity of the nature of small businesses in a given context. The difference between opportunity discovery and creation (mode of opportunity identification) may explain this heterogeneity. Then the wealth creating ability also may vary with the mode of opportunity identification although entrepreneurship literature is silent in this regard. Then the purpose of this study is to explore the wealth creating potential (innovativeness) of small businesses with regard to the mode of opportunity identification. Entrepreneurship literature informs that opportunity discovery under risk is different from opportunity creation under uncertainty although these terms has been used interchangeably. Few studies show that context may have influence over the opportunity identification. Few studies show that entrepreneurs who create opportunities are ordinary and attempt to avoid uncertainty while those who discover opportunities are unique in ability of discovering opportunities and bear some risk. However studies which explore the relationship between the wealth creating potential and mode of opportunity identification are rare. Exploring gaps in research knowledge base on the nature of businesses emerged under opportunity discovery and opportunity creation with regard to research question ‘How the mode of opportunity identification influences the innovativeness of small businesses’. In consistent with entrepreneurship literature, the nature of business viewed in this study as wealth creating potential.

This study builds on theories and assumptions pertinent to opportunity discovery and creation and employs case study method to explore the behaviour of small business owners in rural and urban settings. The rationale of selecting rural setting is that rural entrepreneur has no prior business experience to understand the probability of outcomes while urban entrepreneurs have prior business experience to understand the probability of outcomes to take calculated risk. This study has selected six cases after screening 178 cases in the rural setting and 111 cases in the urban settings in the North Western Province of Sri Lanka in 2010. Analysing within cases and cross cases employing pattern matching technique, this study shows that businesses created in the rural context are comparatively non-innovative than those small businesses discovered under opportunity risk.


The Kelaniya Journal of Management, Vol. 4(1); 2015: 65-89

How to Cite: Upananda, W.A. & Kumara, U.E.S., (2015). Does the mode of opportunity identification influence the innovativeness of Small Businesses?a Study in Sri Lanka. Kelaniya Journal of Management. 4(1), pp.65–89. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/kjm.v4i1.7489
Published on 14 Sep 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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